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0 - Z Facts About The World

  1. Economy - Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: World total DFI .22 trillion; top ten sources of DFI: US .751 trillion; UK .841 trillion; France .571 trillion; Germany .360 trillion; HK .078 trillion; Netherlands 2.5 billion; Spain 8.5 billion; Switzerland 3.5 billion; Japan 7.0 billion; Belgium 1.9 billion (2008 estimate)

  2. Economy - GDP - composition by sector (%): agriculture: 4%; industry: 32%; services: 64% (2008 estimate)

  3. Transportation - Railways (km): total: 1,370,782 km (2006)

  4. Economy - Household income or consumption by percentage share (%): lowest 10%: 2.5%; highest 10%: 29.8% (2002 estimate)

  5. People - Population: 6,706,993,152 (July 2008 estimate)

  6. People - Total fertility rate (children born/woman): 2.61 children born/woman (2008 estimate)

  7. Military - Military expenditures (% of GDP): roughly 2% of GDP of gross world product (2005 estimate)

  8. Communications - Radio broadcast stations: AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA

  9. Introduction - Background: Globally, the 20th century was marked by: (a) two devastating world wars; (b) the Great Depression of the 1930s; (c) the end of vast colonial empires; (d) rapid advances in science and technology, from the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (US) to the landing on the moon; (e) the Cold War between the Western alliance and the Warsaw Pact nations; (f) a sharp rise in living standards in North America, Europe, and Japan; (g) increased concerns about the environment, including loss of forests, shortages of energy and water, the decline in biological diversity, and air pollution; (h) the onset of the AIDS epidemic; and (i) the ultimate emergence of the US as the only world superpower. The planet's population continues to explode: from 1 billion in 1820, to 2 billion in 1930, 3 billion in 1960, 4 billion in 1974, 5 billion in 1988, and 6 billion in 2000. For the 21st century, the continued exponential growth in science and technology raises both hopes (e.g., advances in medicine) and fears (e.g., development of even more lethal weapons of war).

  10. Transportation - Airports: total airports - 49,024; top ten by passengers: Atlanta (ATL) - 89,379,287; Chicago (ORD) - 76,177,855; London (LHR) - 68,068,304; Tokyo (HND) - 66,823,414; Los Angeles (LAX) - 61,896,075; Paris (CDG) - 59,922,177; Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) - 59,786,476; Frankfurt (FRA) - 54,161,856; Beijing (PEK) - 53,583,664; Madrid (MAD) - 52,122,702; top ten by cargo (metric tons): Memphis (MEM) - 3,840,491; Hong Kong (HKG) - 3,773,964; Anchorage (ANC) - 2,825,511; Shanghai (PVG) - 2,559,310; Inch'on (ICN) - 2,555,580; Paris (CDG) - 2,297,896; Tokyo (NRT) - 2,254,421; Frankfurt (FRA) - 2,127,646; Louisville (SDF) - 2,078,947; Miami (MIA) - 1,922,985 (2007)



Source: CIA - The World Factbook