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0 - Z Facts About The World

  1. People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 27.3% (male 944,665,142/female 887,471,328); 15-64 years: 65.1%; 65 years and over: 7.6% (male 222,808,372/female 284,647,297) (2008 estimate)

  2. Geography - Climate: a wide equatorial band of hot and humid tropical climates - bordered north and south by subtropical temperate zones - that separate two large areas of cold and dry polar climates

  3. People - Population growth rate (%): 1.188% (2008 estimate)

  4. Transportation - Merchant marine: total: 33,222 ships (1000 GRT or over) (2006)

  5. People - Total fertility rate (children born/woman): 2.61 children born/woman (2008 estimate)

  6. People - Sex ratio (male(s)/female): at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female; total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2008 estimate)

  7. Transportation - Heliports: 1,359 (2007)

  8. Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: cocaine: worldwide coca leaf cultivation in 2005 amounted to 208,500 hectares; Colombia produced slightly more than two-thirds of the worldwide crop, followed by Peru and Bolivia; potential pure cocaine production rose to 900 from 645 metric tons in 2005 - partially due to improved methodologies used to calculate levels of production; Colombia conducts aggressive coca eradication campaign, but both Peruvian and Bolivian Governments are hesitant to eradicate coca in key growing areas; 551 metric tons of export-quality cocaine (85% pure) is documented to have been seized or destroyed in 2005; US consumption of export quality cocaine is estimated to have been in excess of 380 metric tons; opiates: worldwide illicit opium poppy cultivation reached 208,500 hectares in 2005; potential opium production of 4,990 metric tons was only a 9% decrease over 2004's highest total recorded since estimates began in mid-1980s; Afghanistan is world's primary opium producer, accounting for 90% of the global supply; Southeast Asia - responsible for 9% of global opium - saw marginal increases in production; Latin America produced 1% of global opium, but most was refined into heroin destined for the US market; if all potential opium was processed into pure heroin, the potential global production would be 577 metric tons of heroin in 2005

  9. Economy - GDP - per capita (PPP): ,500 (2008 estimate)

  10. Economy - Natural gas - production (cu m): 3.021 trillion cu m (2007 estimate)



Source: CIA - The World Factbook